Subject and purpose of this case study: An assessment of biodiversity and ecosystem services (BES) risks and opportunities in a spices growing landscape, to investigate and develop a plan for adopting sustainability practices in Andhra Pradesh state of India. The study was undertaken by a leading agri-business company in India, ITC Private Limited. A division of ITC, Agri-business Division (ABD) Indian Leaf Tobacco Development (ILTD), implemented the Biodiversity Risk & Opportunity Assessment (BROA) in two chilli growing areas: Gudepalli and Bhadrachalam. BROA is a field-based tool for companies with agricultural supply chains to assess BES risks and opportunities in the landscapes where they operate. It takes a holistic approach based on local stakeholder engagement.