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Glossary

For a full glossary on biodiversity terms, click here

Biodiversity
The whole variety of life on Earth

Biodiversity Action Plan
A formal plan to conserve or enhance biodiversity

Business in the Environment Index
An index of environmental performance

Company Biodiversity Action Plan
A formal plan of a company which outlines the steps it will take to promote and enhance biodiversity

Habitat
The environment in which an organism lives. Habitat can also refer to the organisms and physical environment in a particular place

IUCN Red list
An account of the threatened status of thousands of plant and animal species

Lead Partner
Organisation which implements the Biodiversity Action Plan of a specific species or habitat

Parties
Governments who have signed up to the Convention on Biological Diversity

Site Biodiversity Action Plan (Site BAP)
A formal plan to enhance or conserve habitats and / or species on a specific site

Species
A group of individuals that interbreed with each other but not with other such groups. There are however many definitions of species.

Species Champion
Organisation or company that provides the resources to implement a Species or Habitat Action Plan

Sustainable Development
Development which seeks to meet the needs of the current generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs

Triple Bottom Line
The concept of balancing economic growth, environmental quality and social equity

Acronyms used on this website

BAP
Biodiversity Action Plan

BiE
Business in the Environment

BTO
British Trust for Ornithology

CBD
Convention on Biological Diversity

CITES
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species

CROW

Countryside and Rights of Way Act

DEFRA

Department of Environment, Food and Regional Affairs

EBS

England Biodiversity Strategy

EIRiS

The Ethical Investment Research Service

EMS

Environmental Management System

ESA

Environmentally Sensitive Areas

ETRAC

Environment, Transport and Regional Affairs Committee

FWAG

Farming and Wildlife Advisory Group

LEAF

Linking Environment And Farming

HAP

Habitat Action Plan

LBAP

Local Biodiversity Action Plan

NGO

Non Governmental Organisation

RSPB

Royal Society for the Protection of Birds

RSS

Rural Stewardship Scheme

SAC

Special Area of Conservation

SAP

Species Action Plan

SPA

Special Protection Area

SIGMA

Sustainability Integrated Guidelines for Management

SME

Small and medium sized enterprises

SSSI

Site of Special Scientific Interest

UKBAP

UK Biodiversity Action Plan

WBCSD

World Business Council for Sustainable Development

WGS

Woodland Grant Scheme

Photo Credit: Laura Morrison/Earthwatch Institute

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